Barbara Morgan joined NASA in the 1980s as part of the Teacher in Space program and served as the backup to Christa McAuliffe for the ill-fated mission of space shuttle Challenger. She later trained as a mission specialist for NASA. From 1975-1978, Morgan taught remedial reading and math and second grade at McCall-Donnelly Elementary School. After a year in Ecuador, she taught second, third, and fourth grades at McCall-Donnelly from 1979-98
Morgan is currently appointed to Boise State University, serving a dual appointment to BSU's engineering and education departments. She directs Boise State's efforts to bring NASA education programs to area school districts, and serve as a guest lecturer and student mentor in departments across campus.
In 2009, Barbara Morgan joined Idaho Superintendent of Public Instruction to announce a new program allowing Idaho high school juniors to take online courses on space exploration developed by NASA.